Unem: reducing transport emissions requires interplay with various technologies

  Fuels, NEWS & INTERVIEWS, Sustainable Mobility, Technical innovation

The Energy and Mobility Union, during the hearing in the Chamber of Deputies, emphasized the need for effective solutions, ensuring that the sector is ready to provide them

The goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions in transport requires significant investments, clear rules and input by several different technologies. This is the position expressed by Unem, the Energy and Mobility Union, during the hearing on 20 September with the Environment and Production Activities Committees of the Chamber of Deputies to discuss the draft legislative decree implementing European directive 2018/2001 (Red II).

The association brings together and represents the main companies operating in Italy in the field of processing, logistics and distribution of petroleum products, low carbon energy products, including bio-fuels and e-fuels, and all those new industrial realities actively involved in innovation and research into mobility technologies.

“The targets for reducing climate-changing emissions by 2030 will require ever greater shares of energy from renewable sources and, consequently, new and significant investments that need clear, stable regulation in complete harmony with EU regulations and in keeping with other Plans and targets,” said Unem, as explained in a press release. The association, in fact, highlighted that operators need a long-term perspective for the development of renewable products regulated by the decree.

Unem then focused on the transport sector, the subject of Item V of the outline decree. In this regard, companies belonging to the association “can immediately make an effective contribution in terms of decarbonised products, such as low carbon liquid fuels (Lclf). Starting from biofuels which already today represent, in energy terms, 10% of fuels distributed for consumption, through to recycled carbon fuels (Rcf).”
The latter, however, “have the drawback of not having a Ghg saving calculation methodology, in other words the obligation to reduce a given share of greenhouse gases (Ghg). As regards the calculation for reducing these gases, Unem suggests – pending the EU regulation – that a method must be brought forward on a national scale in order to make immediate use of this option and its contribution to the circular economy.

In particular, Unem believes it is “very positive that, for the purposes of calculating the obligation – which the draft decree sets at 16% (in any case higher than the 14% required by the directive) – all types of bio-fuel (including those of non-biological origin and recycled carbon) are taken into account regardless of the transport sector where they are distributed for consumption.” This is because the competitiveness of certain transport segments, such as air and sea, is not compromised.

In conclusion, Unem re-stated its commitment to the 2030 targets for renewable energy in transport, ensuring that the sector is “able to offer ready to use and effective solutions” and advocating the need to exploit “various technologies” and “all raw materials available provided they comply with sustainability criteria in timely fashion”.