Intermodal systems as a tool for a green transition: proposals by ALIS
The Association calls on the transport sector to tackle the sustainability challenge and urges the government to make Marebonus and Ferrobonus incentives structural and also introduce measures to support the updating of vehicles fleets
Transport, logistics and sustainability: these topics were the focus of three days of b2b meetings and conferences organized 1-3 July in Sorrento (near Naples) by ALIS – Logistic Association of Sustainable Intermodality, an opportunity for exponents in the sector meet again to share experiences, after the long stop imposed by the coronavirus pandemic, with a view to building the recovery. The crossways, inclusive vocation of the meeting brought representatives of the business world and institutions together around discussion tables for comparisons where competitiveness, efficiency and sustainability objectives – as well as digital transformation and female empowerment – promoted to help restart the Italian production system found new life in the context of the opportunities offered by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (Pnrr). Implementation of this Plan sees green and blue economies called upon to play leading roles.
“ALIS is ready to restart after the emergency period that already affected our daily habits and economy since 2020. We aim to provide a feasible and positive signal to the effective relaunch of the Country System, in the awareness of the great opportunity ensured by the approval of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan,” said the President Guido Grimaldi, during the inauguration of this year’s edition hosted as usual at the Hilton Sorrento Palace and also attended by political leaders, delegates from academic and research worlds, as well as representatives of Italian and EU institutions. The appointment was also an opportunity to present a number of sector studies, such as the report developed by ALIS together with the Research into the energy system (RSE) platform into sustainability, as well as and to attend panels focusing on “A year of emergency: transport and logistics driving the recovery”, “Green transport and logistics as pillars of the country system”, “The network of ports for the development of the Mediterranean” and “The green transition of the port system between Europe and simplification”.
Within the scope outlined by the ambitious climate agenda defined by the European Green Deal to make Europe the first zero-impact continent by 2050, in Sorrento Grimaldi recalled that within the scope of the Italian PNRR program, ALIS proposed turning Marebonus and Ferrobonus incentive measures into structural tools: these stimuli are a full-scale Italian best practice on a European scale, envisaging an increase in resources through the allocation of one hundred million euros per year to each measure. Action of this magnitude, he explained, “would make it possible to continue along virtuous path of modal conversion from road to sea and rail, thereby allowing trucks to be taken off motorways and thereby generating major reductions in polluting emissions and less wear and tear on our roads, but above all fewer accidents and more safety.” The proposal focuses on the choice of intermodal systems, as well as the one – again put forward by ALIS – to introduce incentives up to a maximum of 30%, including a non-repayable part, for upgrading fleets of vehicles. “Our cluster has achieved an economic advantage in terms of cost savings of about 2.5 million euros per kilometre,” Grimaldi explained, recalling that this figure was surveyed by the ALIS study together with S.R.M. – Studies and Research for Southern Italy, a centre linked with the Intesa Sanpaolo Group specializing in the economy of Southern Italy and topics related to the maritime economy, achieving two billion euros in reducing the cost of external factors in a single year.
Lastly, some doubts were highlighted in the tourism sector, which has always been one of the driving forces in the Italian economy where around 350,000 jobs have been lost in the past year. Grimaldi reported that despite the fact that, prior to the pandemic, the sector had 1.3 million employees and generated 13% of gross domestic product, during the pandemic period transport companies associated with tourism “did not receive any financial support”. This especially impacted companies in southern Italy, Grimaldi went on. While appreciating the “close attention paid in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan to the South, which will receive approximately 45% of the resources allocated for infrastructure works”, he emphasised that in 2020 “the South, home to 34% of the Italian population, received less aid than Central-Northern Italy in relation to the made available through in various decrees and, above all, to a less proportional extent compared to population and average per capita income”. The split is an important issue for the trade association, which invites the government to review its decisions, in the belief that “true development of our country necessarily passes through development in the South”.